Did you knew that the Vedas are the one of the largest body of knowledge and they originated in the Indian Sub-continent. Do you want to know more about the four Vedas of Hinduism. If yes, we would talk more about the Vedas today.
There are four vedas, namely Rig Veda, Athavara Veda, Yajur Veda and the Samaveda. These were composed in Sanskrit and are one of the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. The vedas are divided into four categories:
- The Samhitas
- The Aranyakas
- The Brahmanas
- The Upanishads
These are basically a collection of hymns that were written somewhere between 1500 B.C and 1000 B.C. These were passed on from generation to generation orally before being written somewhere in the Northern part of the Indian sub-continent. The oldest of the vedas is the Rig veda.
Now lets talk about each of the vedas in brief:
Rig Veda is one oldest among the four vedas and it is regarding Knowledge of the Hymns of praise. It includes 1028 hymns and is divided into ten books. It is very difficult for the modern day reader to interept it mainly includes metaphors and allusions. These hymns are dedicated to various deties and mainly Indra.
Yajur Veda is a compilation of ritual offerings that were recited by a sage in front of Yajur ( meaning Fire). Yajur Veda includes 1,875 verses. These are mantras or sholakhas uttered in a peculiar manner while doing a sacrifice.
Samaveda is a Veda that mainly includes melodies and chants. Around 75 verses of Samaveda are taken from Rigveda and in total it has 1875 verses. The Samveda includes melodies that are possibly the oldest surviving verses. The Jaiminiya is the oldest surviving tradition of Samavedic chanting.
Atharvaveda includes the procedures for everyday life. It is divided into 20 books and is a collection of 730 hymns. It is also referred to as Veda of magical formulas. The most frequent goal of these hymns and spells is for the long life of a loved one or recovery from some serious illness or minor illness.
Hope you liked this post about details of the Vedas of Hinduism. Stay tuned for more stuff coming soon.